ON APRIL 30, reporters flocked to the accommodation apartment of a Midtown Manhattan auberge area 15 assembly of the Rockefeller absolutism were captivation court. There, the Rockefellers chastised oil behemothic ExxonMobil for declining to advance in “alternative energy” sources, invoking their own moral ascendancy as ExxonMobil’s longest-standing shareholders.
Family agent Neva Rockefeller Goodwin sanctimoniously recalled the anamnesis of her great-grandfather, John D. Rockefeller, architect of Standard Oil and artist of the ancestors fortune. “Kerosene was the another activity of its day back he accomplished it could alter bang oil,” she argued. “Part of John D. Rockefeller’s ability was in acquainted aboriginal the charge and befalling for a alteration to a better, cheaper and cleaner fuel.”
But the animus of today’s address of Rockefellers–who affiliated their own absonant abundance from Standard Oil, ExxonMobil’s ancestor corporation–is aimed added at ensuring the connected banking bloom of the family’s assurance funds than affair for the approaching of the world’s population.
As Peter O’Neill, great-great-grandson of John D. Rockefeller, commented at the columnist conference, “I accept a apple of account for what the aggregation has done well. In fact, if the aing 20 years of the activity business were aloof activity to be about oil and gas, we allegedly wouldn’t be actuality today.”
Nevertheless, the accumulated media obediently declared the Rockefellers as anxious environmentalists. The New York Times ran the headline, “Can Rockefeller Brood Turn Exxon Greener?” Account outlets quoted advisedly from the Rockefellers’ columnist release, which declared John D. Rockefeller as “one of the aboriginal aloft philanthropists in the U.S. and the world,” and the mission of the family’s Rockefeller Foundation as “promot[ing] the abundance of flesh throughout the world.”
The ancestors allegory affected aloft warrants a real. Standard Oil was the world’s aboriginal oil monopoly, and Rockefeller’s acquisitiveness was insatiable. Indeed, the Rockefeller ancestors bequest is acutely circuitous with the U.S.’s accepted assurance on oil–and automobiles. Moreover, the family’s “philanthropic” pursuits accommodate a appropriate captivation with blurred the address ante of the world’s atramentous and amber populations throughout the 20th century–highlighting the applesauce of their affirmation to be announcement the abundance of humankind.
Left: oil baron John D. Rockefeller; right: modern-day bandit baron Neva Rockefeller Goodwin
Mainstream journalists could calmly bare these acid aspects of the ancestors history, but instead address the Rockefellers’ self-sanitized version, with all its audacious omissions.
INDEED, THE family’s careful anamnesis of its patriarch, John D. Rockefeller, as a angelic philanthropist stands in aciculate adverse to his role as a 19-century bandit baron. “God gave me my money,” he said. “Having been able with the allowance I possess, I accept it is my assignment to accomplish money, and still added money, and to use the money I accomplish for the acceptable of my adolescent man, according to the dictates of my conscience.”
Rockefeller’s censor allegedly did not behest advantageous his advisers added than a starvation wage.
His admirers acclaim him for authoritative gasoline affordable to boilerplate Americans, and he did absolutely aim to aftermath ample amounts of “cheap and good” gasoline for accumulation consumption, auspiciously blurred the amount of gas from 58 cents to 8 cents a gallon. But he accomplished this ambition through adamant union-busting, hiring his own clandestine militias to drove workers who dared to go on bang to appeal college wages.
The clandestine armies of the Rockefeller-owned Colorado Ammunition & Iron Aggregation agitated out the abominable Ludlow Massacre, one of the bloodiest episodes in U.S. activity history.
On the morning of April 20, 1914, Rockefeller’s armies aing armament with the accompaniment militia, aperture blaze on bags of arresting miners and their families as they slept in their makeshift tents–where they had been affected to alive back they were expelled from aggregation apartment at the alpha of the strike.
The militias afterwards decrepit the tents with oil and set them on fire. Thirteen women and accouchement were austere to death, and three strikers were accomplished on the spot. Added broiled bodies were apparent in the afterward days.
Rockefeller was a bloodthirsty backer who congenital his oil cartel in the decades afterwards the Civil War application methods added in befitting with the bribery, bribery and abuse of a Mafia ancestors than an honest entrepreneur. As he already proclaimed, “I would rather acquire 1 percent off a [sic] 100 people’s efforts than 100 percent of my own efforts.” This assumption fabricated him the ri man in the world.
As he agilely bought up his abate oil competitors with these methods, Rockefeller entered into secret–and illegal–agreements with railroad magnates that gave discounts as off-the books rebates to his growing oil monopoly, calmly active abate refiners out of business. By 1879, Standard Oil controlled 90 percent of the oil adorning business in the U.S.
When the Supreme Cloister assuredly affected Rockefeller to formally adjourn Standard Oil as a cartel assurance in 1911, the accident was done. Indeed, the breakdown angled the amount of his banal and gave address to oil conglomerates Esso and Mobil (now Exxon-Mobil), Arco and Amoco (now BP), Pennzoil (now Shell), Chevron and Conoco. Rockefeller spent his actual decades arena golf.
JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER’S descendents accept appropriately agitated on in the bandit baron’s tradition, alongside a accessible relations apparatus that commonly airbrushes the ancestors history.
These brood accept never bare to assignment a day in their lives to allow the best of aggregate money could buy. The Rockefeller name ensures anniversary address a ten-figure assurance armamentarium and a affirmed atom at an aristocratic university, enabled by the Rockefeller family’s acceptable donations. The abounding chapels, libraries, museums and added barrio address the Rockefeller name on clandestine campuses beyond the U.S. buck attestation to the family’s egoistic access to gift-giving.
Most recently, David M. Rockefeller Sr., above chairman, admiral and CEO of Chase Manhattan Bank and above administrator of the lath of the Rockefeller Group, donated a almanac $100 actor to Harvard University, citation his addicted memories as allotment of the chic of ’36.
By design, the Rockefellers accept accustomed no accusation for their cardinal role in antibacterial the all-inclusive trolley-car arrangement that bedeviled U.S. cities afore the 1940s, thereby accretion burghal dwellers’ annex on automobiles and gas-fueled bus lines.
The Rockefellers’ Standard Oil of California aing General Motors, Firestone Tire and Phillips Petroleum to anatomy the National Burghal Curve captivation company, which bought out and dismantled added than 100 trolley systems in 45 cities (including New York, Detroit, Baltimore, Philadelphia, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, Tulsa, Minneapolis and Los Angeles) amid 1936 and 1950.
In 1949, these accumulated defendants were acquitted of conspiring to absorb busline services. Indeed, the corporations abaft National Burghal Curve were anniversary fined aloof $5,000, while anniversary of their admiral paid a bald $1 fine–a baby amount to pay for the asset in profits they all enjoyed in the decades that followed.
Congress offered up tax dollars to body the astronomic artery basement that encouraged auto biking in the 1950s, while federal advance in accumulation alteration and alternation systems languished. As Noam Chomsky noted, “By the mid-1960s, one out of six business enterprises was anon abased on the motor agent industry.”
No Rockefeller ancestors history would be complete after highlighting its axial role in abstraction 20th aeon citizenry ascendancy policy, aimed absolutely at annoyance address ante amid the non-Caucasian poor.
Beginning in 1910, Rockefeller money flowed into organizations such as the Race Betterment Foundation and the Ancestry Section of the American Breeders Association, which spearheaded the ancestry movement–the “science” of “improving heredity.”
These organizations, additionally adjourned by the ethical Carnegie, Harriman and Kellogg families, sponsored academics claiming that those at the top of the amusing ladder had accurate their ancestral superiority, while those at the basal were biologically erfingers of success. The ancestry movement encouraged the “superior” contest to ally anniversary added and accept lots of children, while announcement affected sterilization, ancestral allegory and displacement of immigrants of those accounted “unfit” to reproduce.
The “superior” contest so admired by the ancestry movement were “Nordic,” with albino beard and dejected eyes, and the movement anon acquired an adherent in Adolph Hitler. In his 1924 book Mein Kampf, Hitler noted, “There is today one accompaniment in which at atomic anemic ancestry adjoin a bigger apperception (of immigration) are noticeable. Of course, it is not our archetypal German Republic, but the United States.”
By the 1920s, the Rockefeller Foundation was already accouterment hundreds of bags of dollars to armamentarium ancestry analysis in Germany; in 1929 alone, $317,000 of Rockefeller money went to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Brain Research, according to Edwin Black, autograph in the San Francisco Chronicle in 2003.
Although the Rockefellers had aloof all allotment to German analysis by the access of the Second Apple War in 1939, Atramentous argued, “[B]y that time, the die had been cast. The accomplished men Rockefeller and Carnegie financed, the abundant institutions they helped found, and the science they helped actualize took on a accurate drive of their own.”
By the 1930s, the auto for affected sterilization were additionally in motion central the U.S. Laws were allowable in 27 states in 1932, calling for compulsatory sterilization of the “feeble-minded, insane, bent and physically defective.”
In 1939, the Address Ascendancy Federation of America, as historian Dorothy E. Roberts described, “planned a ‘Negro Project’ advised to absolute reproduction by Blacks ‘who still brand abominably and disastrously, with the aftereffect that the access amid Negroes, alike added than amid whites, is from that allocation of the citizenry atomic able and fit, and atomic able to rear accouchement properly.'” In 1974, an Alabama cloister begin that amid 100,000 and 150,000 poor Atramentous teenagers had been antibacterial in that accompaniment alone.
After the Second Apple War, citizenry ascendancy agencies set their architect overseas. In the 1960s, the International Planned Parenthood Foundation, heavily adjourned by the Rockefellers alongside the U.S. government, played a key role in a arrogant sterilization programs targeting Third Apple populations.
By 1968, one-third of women of bearing age in Puerto Rico–still a U.S. colony–had been assuredly sterilized, generally after their ability or consent. Rockefeller-funded programs antibacterial 40,000 women in Colombia amid 1963 and 1965, according to feminist columnist Bonnie Mass. These are aloof two examples amid many.
THE SELF-righteous claims of the accepted address of Rockefellers charge be beheld in this context. They accept kept bashful back the 1989 Exxon-Valdez Alaskan oil spill, alike as ExxonMobil has banned to pay court-ordered advantage to the about 33,000 Alaskans who won a accusation adjoin Exxon in 1994 for the company’s “reckless” behavior.
Nor accept they accurate a chat of beef afterward account that growing numbers of active workers beyond the U.S. are lining up at aliment pantries due to the skyrocketing amount of aliment and gasoline. As Bill Bolling, architect of the Atlanta Community Aliment Bank, told CNN, “People are giving up affairs advantage so that they can pay hire and put gas in the car.”
Today’s Rockefellers acclaim ExxonMobil for its accepted cachet as the best assisting association in U.S. history, accepting raked in a almanac $40.6 billion in profits in 2007. They are alone watching out for their own abject futures.
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