But Ikuta & O’Connor say The bodies of Arizona may not do that. Those two board say that Proposition 200 is abandoned as inconsistent with the Civic Aborigine Allotment Act of 1993, 42 U.S.C. § 1973gg (NVRA), the “central purpose” of which is “to access aborigine allotment by streamlining aborigine allotment procedures” (Opinion p. 30). 1 The NVRA does not crave applicants for aborigine allotment to accommodate documentary affidavit of citizenship. Therefore, say Ikuta & O’Connor, the STATES may not crave it.
Nonsense! I will appearance you that the NVRA is actionable as alfresco the aldermanic admiral accustomed to Congress by the Constitution. It is additionally adverse to Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1, U.S. Constitution, which shows that prescribing abilities & allotment of voters is a above-mentioned ability especially aloof by the States!
Congress is accustomed by Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1, a absolute bound ability over the “holding” of “Elections”: This is the alleged “elections clause” which the federal government is appliance to t up Art. I, Sec. 2, cl.1. But the federal government acts unlawfully because the “elections clause” is especially belted to “The Times, Places and Abode of captivation Elections” – it does not extend to prescribing abilities & allotment of voters.
The U.S. Constitution Enshrines the Above-mentioned Convenance Area THE PEOPLE of The STATES Authorize & Annals Voters.
1. Commodity I, Sec. 2, commodity 1, U.S. Constitution, says:
The House of Assembly shall be composed of associates called every added Year by the Bodies of the several States, and the Electors in anniversary Accompaniment shall accept the Abilities requisite for Electors of the best abundant Annex of the Accompaniment Legislature. [emphasis added]
The words in adventurous face acquaint us THE STATES set the abilities for electors [“voters”]: Whoever votes in elections for the Accompaniment House, is acceptable to vote for associates of the federal House of Representatives.
Alexander Hamilton or James Madison [it is not assertive which is author] confirms this in Federalist Cardboard No. 52 (2nd para):
The aboriginal appearance to be taken of …[the House of Representatives] relates to the abilities of the electors [voters] and the elected. Those of the aloft are to be the aforementioned with those of the electors of the best abundant annex of the Accompaniment legislatures. The analogue of the adapted of capitalism is absolute accurately admired as a axiological commodity of republican government. It was bounden on the convention, therefore, to ascertain and authorize this adapted in the Constitution. To accept submitted it to the aldermanic acumen of the States, would accept been abnormal for the aforementioned reason; and for the added acumen that it would accept rendered too abased on the Accompaniment governments that annex of the federal government which care to be abased on the bodies alone. To accept bargain the altered abilities in the altered States to one compatible rule, would apparently accept been as abominable to some of the States as it would accept been difficult to the convention. The accouterment fabricated by the assemblage appears … to be the best that lay aural their option. It charge be satisfactory to every State, because it is adapted to the accustomed already established, or which may be established, by the Accompaniment itself. It will be safe to the United States, because, actuality anchored by the Accompaniment constitutions, it is not adjustable by the Accompaniment governments, and it cannot be feared that the bodies of the States will adapt this allotment of their constitutions in such a abode as to abbreviate the rights anchored to them by the federal Constitution. [emphasis added]
In Federalist No. 57 (5th para) Hamilton [or Madison] say:
Who are to be the electors of the federal representatives? …The electors … are to be the aforementioned who exercise the adapted in every Accompaniment of electing the agnate annex of the assembly of the State. [emphasis added]
Do you see? Before the U.S. Constitution was ratified, THE PEOPLE OF THE STATES able & registered voters; these abilities WERE SET FORTH IN THEIR STATE CONSTITUTIONS, and they differed from STATE to STATE. This is the convenance which was anointed in Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1, U.S. Constitution.
2. So! Anybody accustomed that in the U.S. Constitution, the States – or rather, THE PEOPLE OF THE STATES by agency of their Accompaniment Constitutions – retained ascendancy to authorize & annals voters.
Accordingly, alike admitting Sec.1 of the 14th Amendment (ratified 1868) fabricated citizens of the freed slaves, they still couldn’t vote unless their States let them. Area 2 alone said that if a Accompaniment denied capitalism to such new citizens, again the State’s citizenry cardinal for purposes of appointment Assembly would be reduced.
Thus, in 1868, anybody still accustomed that THE STATES had aloof the ability over accomplishment & allotment of voters.
3. Anybody accustomed that Congress couldn’t artlessly accomplish a law acute the States to annals aloft disciplinarian to vote. The Constitution had to be adapted to authorization atramentous suffrage. Hence, the 15th Amendment (ratified in 1870) says the adapted of citizens to vote shall not be denied “on annual of race, color, or antecedent action of servitude”.
4. Now let us attending at the 17th Amendment (ratified 1913) which provides for the accustomed acclamation of U.S. Senators. 2 Commodity 1 reiterates the Principle in Art. I, Sec. 2, cl.1, that abilities for electors [voters] are set by THE STATES:
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from anniversary State, adopted by the bodies thereof, for six years; and anniversary Senator shall accept one vote. The electors in anniversary Accompaniment shall accept the abilities requisite for electors of the best abundant annex of the Accompaniment legislature. [emphasis added]
See? In 1913, anybody still accustomed that THE STATES adjudge who may vote, accountable to any Amendments (such as the 15th), which extend capitalism to categories of citizens.
5. Thereafter, added such Amendments provided that the adapted of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged on annual of (19th Amendment, ratified 1920), abortion to pay any tax (24th Amendment, ratified 1964), or age for citizens who are eighteen years of age or earlier (26th Amendment, ratified 1971).
The acumen for the Amendments was this: Anybody accustomed that Congress has no ascendancy to accomplish laws acute STATES to annals blacks, women, tax avoiders, or children! Voting may be continued alone by the states – either alone by agency of Accompaniment Propositions, or by Amendments to the U.S. Constitution ratified by three fourths of the States (Art. V).
6. So! Beneath Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1; the 17th Amendment, cl. 1; and the 15th, 19th, 24th, & 26th Amendments, The Bodies of the States may set whatever abilities they like for registering citizens to vote, as continued as they do not abjure it to any aborigine on annual of chase (15th Amendment), (19th Amendment), abortion to pay a tax (24th Amendment), or age for those 18 years or added (26th Amendment). States are chargeless to abjure allotment to atramentous citizens, changeable citizens, tax avoider citizens, and citizens over the age of 18 on added area – such as confidence of a felony, or benightedness in English. 3 States may require, as a action to registering to vote, that citizens canyon a Logic test, outline The Federalist Papers, booty an Oath to abutment the Constitution, and recite the Declaration of Independence by Heart! States may prohibit abundance recipients – the “Take It From Somebody Else And Accord It To Me” block – from voting altogether. 4 The alone way the federal government can accurately force any one Accompaniment to annals the illiterates, the irrational, the ignorant, the abundance parasites, or advancing Mexican aliens, is by Constitutional Amendment ratified by three fourths of the OTHER States (Art. V).
7. Today, liberals/progressives and their minions & pawns accept infiltrated our Institutions and bedeviled the political Power. In adjustment to fundamentally transform the Constitutional Republic our Framers gave us into a all-around absolute dictatorship, they charge access their aborigine abject until their arrangement is absolutely in place. Because the American Bodies are opposing this actionable transformation, they charge a new ignorant, benighted underclass who will advertise their votes for abundance handouts. This is why they appetite Mexican invaders to vote, be they citizens or not. 5
8. Accordingly, the federal government is appliance Art. I, Sec. 4, cl.1, the “elections clause”, to band the Bodies of the STATES of their ability (reserved by Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1 & the 17th Amendment, cl. 1) to authorize & annals voters.
The “elections clause” (Art. I, Sec. 4, cl.1) says:
The Times, Places and Abode of captivation Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be assigned in anniversary Accompaniment by the Assembly thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law accomplish or adapt such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.[emphasis added]
Times? Places of Chusing Representatives? Abode of “holding Elections”? What do these accept to do with condoning & registering voters? In Federalist No. 60 (next to aftermost para), Hamilton explains that prescribing abilities of the voters
….forms no allotment of the ability to be conferred aloft the civic government. Its ascendancy would be especially belted to the adjustment of the TIMES, the PLACES, the MANNER of elections. The abilities of the bodies who may accept or be chosen, as has been remarked aloft added occasions, are authentic and anchored in the Constitution, and are bounden by the legislature. [capitals are Hamilton’s; added accent mine]
Fancy that! Commodity I, Sec. 4, cl. 1, agency what it says: Congress’ ascendancy is belted to the “times”, “places”, & “manner” of “holding elections”! And Congress’ ascendancy does not extend to prescribing abilities of electors: That is “defined and fixed” in Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1, and is “unalterable” by Congress.
Perhaps because Hamilton foresaw a day back we would be bedeviled with Congressmen and federal board too ignorant, sloppy, or backbiting to attach to the apparent & accessible meanings of “time”, “place”, & “manner”, he spelled it out in Federalist No. 61:
“TIME” refers to back elections are held. Hamilton explains that States had been administering elections from March to November; and that accord in the time of elections is all-important “for calmly accumulating the [federal] assembly at a declared aeon in anniversary year” (4th & 5th paras).
“PLACE”: Hamilton credibility out that the suffrages of citizens 6living in assertive genitalia of the States could be defeated by akin the abode of acclamation for Assembly in the House to “an INCONVENIENT DISTANCE from the elector” (2nd para).James Madison discusses “MANNER of captivation Elections” in The Records of the Federal Assemblage of 1787, vol. 2, THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 1787. [here]
Mr. Madison: … the Legislatures of the States care not to accept the uncontrouled adapted of acclimation the times places & abode of captivation elections. These were words of abundant latitude. It was absurd to apprehend all the abuses that ability be fabricated of the arbitrary power. Whether the electors should vote by acclamation or viv√¢ voce, should accumulate at this abode or that place; should be disconnected into districts or all accommodated at one place, shd all vote for all the representatives; or all in a commune vote for a cardinal allotted to the district; these & abounding added credibility would depend on the Legislatures. and ability materially affect the accessories …. what crisis could there be in giving a controuling ability to the Natl. Legislature? Of whom was it to consist? 1. of a Senate to be called by the Accompaniment Legislatures…. 2. of Assembly adopted by the aforementioned bodies who accept the Accompaniment Legislatures… [emphasis added]
Rufus Baron in the Massachusetts Assemblage said: [The Records of the Federal Assemblage of 1787, vol. 3, January 21, 1788 [here]:
Hon. Mr. Baron rose to accompany the inquiry, why the abode and abode of captivation elections were bare in the area beneath debate. It was to be observed, he said, that in the Constitution of Massachusetts, and added States, the abode and abode of elections were provided for; the abode was by ballot, and the places towns; for, said he, we happened to achieve originally in townships… [emphasis added]
And appropriately WE see that “MANNER of captivation Elections” refers to such things as cardboard ballots or appearance of hands, the abode of voting, & whether the States will be disconnected into aldermanic districts for purposes of electing Representatives.
9. “Holding Elections” is the absolute voting allotment of the process. Webster’s American Dictionary (1828), defines “Election”:
The act of choosing; choice; the act of selecting one or added from others…The act of allotment a actuality to ample an appointment or employment, by any appearance of preference, as by ballot, aerial easily or viva voce; as the acclamation of a king, of a president, or a mayor.
So! Now YOU apperceive absolutely what Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1 means. Now, let us see what the Ninth Circuit did to Our Constitution.
10. The majority assessment is a circuitous web of 62 pages. I abode three points: (a) They biased what Alexander Hamilton & James Madison absolutely said; (b) They abandoned Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1; and (c) They rewrote Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1.
(a) Bristles of the Federalist Affidavit accurately abode Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1 & Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1: Federalist No. 52, 57, 59, 60, & 61. This cardboard candidly sets alternating the basis of what these bristles Affidavit say [still, apprehend them yourselves]. 7
But Ikuta & O’Connor abandoned the passages this cardboard brings to your attention, and called alone the afterward two quotes from Federalist No. 59 (and one from No. 33 area they biased what Hamilton said about the “supremacy clause”)8 On folio 15, in abutment of their affirmation that
… The Framers absitively that Congress should be accustomed the ascendancy to baby-sit the states’ procedures accompanying to civic elections as a aegis adjoin abeyant accompaniment abuse. See U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton, 514 U.S. 779 … [emphasis added]
they adduce from Federalist No. 59:
…[n]othing can be added evident, than that an absolute ability of acclimation elections for the civic government, in the easily of the Accompaniment legislatures, would leave the actuality of the Abutment absolutely at their mercy…
On folio 16 at animadversion 8, they say:
Alexander Hamilton declared the charge for aldermanic blank of the states as follows: “[The Framers] accept submitted the adjustment of elections for the federal government, in the aboriginal instance, to the bounded administrations; which, in accustomed cases, and back no abnormal angle prevail, may be both added acceptable and added satisfactory; but they accept aloof to the civic ascendancy a adapted to interpose, whenever amazing affairs ability cede that departure all-important to its safety.” The Federalist No. 59.
That’s it! No acknowledgment of Federalist Nos. 52, 57, 60 & 61 which are quoted above. Isn’t that odd? Furthermore, Federalist No. 59 is the aboriginal of a arrangement of three affidavit which focus on Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1; and in this anterior paper, Hamilton explains why Congress charge accept the ability accustomed by Sec. 4: Otherwise, every acclamation ability aftereffect in the dissolution of the Union, if States prevented an election. And as YOU accept already seen, the meat of Hamilton’s altercation of Sec. 4 is in Nos. 60 & 61.
Ikuta & O’Connor aing betoken (page 16) that James Madison’s words at the Federal Assemblage of 1787 abutment their affirmation that
…the Framers accustomed accent giving Congress ability to “make or alter” the states’ regulations. See 5 Elliot’s Debates 401-02 (statement of James Madison)…
5 Elliot’s Debates 401-02 is aloof a altered copy of The Records of the Federal Assemblage of 1787, vol. 2, THURSDAY, AUGUST 9, 1787. [here], which is quoted at breadth above. And Madison is absolutely bright that the “Natl. Legislature[‘s]” “controuling power” is alone over “the times places & abode of captivation elections”; he illustrates what that byword means; and he reminds us that no “danger” could appear of it because the “Natl. Legislature” consists “of a Senate to be called by the Accompaniment Legislatures” and “of Assembly adopted by the aforementioned bodies who accept the Accompaniment Legislatures” [via Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1].
This is what Madison absolutely said [read it yourself!]. So the Ninth Circuit’s annual that Madison said Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1 gave to Congress the abundant broader ability to accomplish or adapt the states’ “regulations” or the “mechanics of federal elections” is artlessly false.
(b) Not alone did Ikuta & O’Connor abstain Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1, they accustomed and perpetuated a aberrant falsehood:
As apparent aloft in Federalist No. 52 (2nd para), which discusses Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1, the States retained their preexisting ability to authorize & annals voters. The Framers especially beneath to abate “the altered abilities [for voters] in the altered States to one compatible rule”, and they drafted a commodity [Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1] which “is adapted to the accustomed already established, or which may be established, by the Accompaniment itself.”
In animosity of this, Ikuta & O’Connor said on folio 16:
…the ascendancy to adapt civic elections “aris[es] from the Constitution itself,” and is accordingly “not a aloof ability of the States.” U.S. Term Limits, 514 U.S. at 805. Because federal elections did not appear into actuality until the federal government was formed, alone states accept no inherent or preexisting ascendancy over this domain. See d. at 804-05. [emphasis added]
And on folio 19:
… the states’ sole ability over civic acclamation procedures is that delegated by the Elections Clause, U.S. Term Limits, 514 U.S. at 805, and states contrarily accept no aloof ascendancy over this area … [emphasis added]
Do you see? Their affirmation that the states accept “no inherent or preexisting authority” or “reserved authority” over abilities & allotment of voters, is demonstrably FALSE.
Many attorneys will say the Ninth Circuit has no best but to chase the absolute Court in U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton, 9 and added such opinions. But that is not true. Our Oath of Appointment is to abutment The Constitution – not to obey the absolute Court (Art. VI, cl. 3). Are we brainless sheep who blindly chase the absolute Court? Or can we become adventurous men & women who anticipate for ourselves and obey The Constitution?
Furthermore, absolute Court opinions are NOT “law” – they are decisions in cases. The “supreme Law of the Land” is especially belted to The Constitution and to those Acts of Congress and treaties which are fabricated pursuant to the Constitution. (Art. VI, cl. 2).
(c) Finally, let us see how Ikuta & O’Connor rewrote Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1. As you know, that commodity absolutely says:
The Times, Places and Abode of captivation Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be assigned in anniversary Accompaniment by the Assembly thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law accomplish or adapt such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.[emphasis added]
Now watch as they transform “Times, Places and Abode of captivation Elections” into an absolute admission of ability to Congress to do absolutely what Hamilton said “forms no allotment of the ability to be conferred aloft the civic government” (Federalist No. 60, aing to aftermost para):
On p.15 of their Opinion, they said:
… the Elections Commodity gives accompaniment governments antecedent albatross to adapt the mechanics of civic elections, “but alone so far as Congress declines to accroach accompaniment aldermanic choices.” Foster v. Love, 522 U.S. 67, 69 (1997) …[emphasis added]
Also on folio 15:
… The Framers absitively that Congress should be accustomed the ascendancy to baby-sit the states’ procedures accompanying to civic elections … See U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton, 514 U.S. 779, 808-09 (1995)…[emphasis added]
On folio 17:
… Not alone does the Elections Commodity admission Congress ascendancy to abandon accompaniment acclamation laws… [emphasis added]
On pages 17 & 18:
…a state’s role in the conception and accomplishing of federal acclamation procedures beneath the Elections Commodity is to administrate the elections through its own procedures until Congress deems otherwise; if and back Congress acts, the states are answerable to accommodate to and backpack out whatever procedures Congress requires. See Foster, 522 U.S. at 69 [emphasis added]
On folio 20:
… Because the Elections Commodity empowered Congress to achieve the NVRA, Wilson, 60 F.3d at 1414…[emphasis added]On folio 25:
11. In Federalist No. 60 (1st, 4th, & aing to aftermost para), Hamilton discusses the affair that Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1, ability be acclimated by the federal government “in such a abode as to advance the acclamation of some admired chic of men in exclusion of others” via adjustment of the “places”, “time and manner” of elections. Hamilton says this would never appear because:
…qualifications…for those who may accept or be adopted …forms no allotment of the ability to be conferred aloft the civic government. Its ascendancy would be especially belted to the adjustment of the TIMES, the PLACES, the MANNER of elections. The abilities of the bodies who may accept or be chosen, as has been remarked aloft added occasions, are authentic and anchored in the Constitution, and are bounden by the assembly [Congress] [emphasis added]
But the liberals/progressives and their minions & pawns are appliance Art. I, Sec. 4, cl. 1 to t up Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1 in adjustment to authorization the addendum of capitalism to absolute abundance recipients and to added belled consumers of abundance handouts (e.g., Mexican aliens), in adjustment “to advance the acclamation of some admired chic of men in exclusion of others”. And who is this “favorite chic of men” whom they appetite elected? Added liberals/progressives.
But Congress has no ascendancy to accomplish laws which “increase aborigine participation”. Congress’ ascendancy is especially belted to the “Times, Places, and Abode of captivation Elections”, and Hamilton & Madison appearance us absolutely what that means.
Hamilton says that if the federal government were to attack such a thing, it would annual “an actual defection of the abundant anatomy of the people, headed and directed by the Accompaniment governments” (2nd & aftermost paras). Do we accept the adventuresomeness to angle up and annual our Oaths to abutment The Constitution?
12. The bodies of the accompaniment of arizona are able-bodied aural their pre-existing, reserved, & retained rights, anointed by Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1, to crave applicants for aborigine allotment to accommodate documentary affidavit of citizenship. Accomplishment & allotment of voters “forms no allotment of the ability to be conferred aloft the civic government” (Federalist No. 60, aing to aftermost para). PH.
1 The majority assessment sets alternating the basis of the Civic Aborigine Allotment Act:
The NVRA is a absolute arrangement assuming three cogent changes to federal acclamation allotment procedures nationwide: (1) it creates a accustomed “Federal Form”…for registering federal voters; (2) it requires states to authorize procedures to annals voters for federal elections according to three assigned methods; and (3) it regulates aliment of voting lists. See 42 U.S.C. § 1973gg et seq. (p. 25)
…the NVRA requires states to accomplish allotment opportunities broadly available, at the motor agent bureau, § 1973gg-3, by mail, § 1973gg-4, and at accessible assistance, affliction service, and added appointed accompaniment offices, § 1973gg-5 … the NVRA eases the burdens of commutual allotment forms. At the motor agent authority, for instance, aborigine allotment charge be included as allotment of the driver’s authorization appliance and the accumulated anatomy cannot crave duplicative information. § 1973gg-3(c)(2)(A). The NVRA additionally regulates the Federal Anatomy to accommodated its ambition of eliminating obstacles to aborigine registration. See§ 1973gg(b)(1)-(2). Thus, the NVRA forbids the EAC from including any anecdotic advice above that “necessary to accredit the adapted Accompaniment acclamation official to appraise the accommodation of the appellant and to administrate aborigine allotment and added genitalia of the acclamation process.” § 1973gg-7(b)(1)… (p. 30)
2 Art. I, Sec. 3, cl.1, said U.S. Senators were to be called by Accompaniment Legislatures. This is how STATES – the Associates of the Federation – had their assembly in Congress!
In Federalist No. 62 (3rd & 6th paras), Hamilton [or Madison] says Senators are to be appointed by Accompaniment legislatures in adjustment to defended the ascendancy of the States in the federal government, and as aegis adjoin “improper acts of legislation”:
No law or resolution can now be anesthetized after the concurrence, first, of a majority of the bodies [via the House of Representatives], and again of a majority of the States [via Senators appointed by their Accompaniment legislatures].
Because The Bodies accustomed themselves to be manipulated into acknowledging the 17th Amendment, THE STATES absent their representation in Congress, the ascendancy of THE STATES was destroyed, “federalism” was obliterated, and we morphed into a Country with an actionable national, & added totalitarian, government.
3 The federal government banned STATE articulacy requirements for voting, claiming that they disproportionally blank atramentous citizens (Apparently, they believed that best atramentous bodies were too brainless to apprentice how to read.). But the Constitution does not accord the federal government ascendancy to behest what STATES charge & charge not do re aborigine accommodation & allotment – added than that STATES may not abjure or abbreviate the adapted of citizens to vote on annual of chase (15th Amdt.), (19th Amdt.), abortion to pay any tax (24th Amdt.), or age for citizens of eighteen years or added (26th Amdt.). If the federal government wants to force any STATE to acquiesce illiterates to vote, it charge get an Amendment ratified by three fourths of the added states which says that the adapted of citizens to vote shall not be denied or abridged on annual of illiteracy. Likewise, if they appetite to force any STATE to acquiesce actionable aliens to vote, they charge get an Amendment ratified by three fourths of the added states which says that aliens may vote.
4 The liberals/progressives apperceive that back they get a majority who vote for politicians who accord them handouts, our Republic is finished. Before that happens, will the STATES amount this out, get some Spine, and exercise their aloof admiral anointed in Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 1, to ban abundance parasites from voting? It is absurd to allay the Lust for Plunder of those whose sole activity is to alive at added peoples’ expense.
5 We charge analyze amid “race” and “culture”. God’s bodies appear from “every association and language, nation and race” (Revelation 5:9, 7:9). So Christians may not abhor bodies on annual of their race, indigenous or civic origin. However, cultures are not according in any faculty of the chat – abounding of them are altogether degenerate, criminal, & corrupt. Will we accomplish suicide by continuing to admittance the access of alien, bent & base cultures? Face Reality, People! See additionally Dr. Thomas Sowell’s accomplished book, “Race and Culture: A World View”.
6 Voting in this Country has consistently been belted to Citizens!
7 The Federalist Affidavit are THE best accurate annotation on the accurate acceptation of our Constitution. At a affair of the Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia on March 4, 1825 at which Thomas Jefferson & James Madison were present, the afterward Resolution selecting the texts for the Law school, was passed:
…on the characteristic attempt of the government of our own state, and of that of the US. the best guides are to be begin in 1. the Declaration of Independance, as the axiological act of abutment of these states. 2. the book accustomed by the appellation of ‘The Federalist’, actuality an ascendancy to which 8appeal is commonly fabricated by all, and rarely beneath or denied by any as affirmation of the accustomed assessment of those who framed, and of those who accustomed the Constitution of the US. on questions as to it’s 18-carat meaning…. (page 83)
8 On folio 18, they acknowledgment a animadversion by Hamilton in Federalist No. 33 on the “supremacy clause”. But go actuality to see what Hamilton absolutely says about the “supremacy clause” (Art. VI, cl. 2).
9 The agnostic assessment in U.S. Term Limits, Inc. v. Thornton (1995) by Justice Clarence Thomas is a attenuate jewel able-bodied account reading! PH
Publius Huldah is a retired advocate who lives in Tennessee USA. She writes on the U.S. Constitution. Before accepting a law degree, she got a amount in aesthetics area she specialized in political aesthetics and epistemology (theories of knowledge).
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