In the United States, the federal and accompaniment governments both ascendancy power. Before the Constitution, the 13 colonies absolute themselves alone abundant like accompaniment governments. It was not until the Articles of Confederation and again the Architecture that a civic or federal government was established. Today, although anniversary accompaniment has its own constitution, these accompaniment constitutions cannot battle with the U.S. Constitution. The U.S. Architecture is the absolute law of the land. The accompaniment governments ascendancy admiral not accustomed to the federal government in the U.S. Constitution. Some admiral of the accompaniment government are the adeptness to actualize cartage regulations and alliance requirements and to affair driver’s licenses. The Architecture additionally provides a account of admiral that the states do not have. For example, states cannot bread (create) money. The accompaniment and federal governments additionally allotment some powers, such as the adeptness to tax people.
Among admiral acceptance to the states beneath the United States Architecture are:
• Accommodate ancestry and education
• Accommodate aegis (police)
• Accommodate assurance (fire departments)
• Give a driver’s license
• Approve zoning and acreage use
County government in Tennessee is created by the state. The skeleton of canton government is accustomed in the accompaniment constitution. For those elements not spelled out in the accompaniment constitution, Tennessee law builds aloft the framework set out in that certificate and starts putting the “meat on the bones.”
The added primary anatomy of bounded government in Tennessee is borough government. “Municipality” is addition chat for burghal or town. Canton government and borough government are two altered things. Tennessee has added than 340 municipalities. These cities and towns can absorb in a cardinal of altered means and may accomplish some of the aforementioned functions as a canton — or accommodate added services, or college levels of service. Counties do not accept the aforementioned adaptability and are abundant added static. Since abundant of the anatomy of canton government is accustomed by the Tennessee Constitution, it takes abundant added time and accomplishment to change.
Because the U.S. Architecture gives the adeptness of ancestry and apprenticeship to the states, and the Tennessee Architecture continued that adeptness to the state’s counties, as accoutrements of the state, counties are appropriate to accommodate an educational system. Cities are not. Similarly, the accompaniment continued its adeptness to accommodate aegis to counties in the anatomy of sheriffs. It’s the acumen assertive adopted canton admiral are “constitutional officeholders.” Their offices and duties are appropriate by the Tennessee Constitution, beneath the ascendancy of the rights accepted to the states beneath the U.S.Constitution.
Sources: United States Citizenship and Immigration Service; Tennessee Canton Commissioners Association
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